Tamil Viswakarma - Their history in Kerala

Indian culture has always been connected to the temple. Most of the craft have ritualistic function. The ancestors of this craft were basically masters of temple art and architecture. A community of artisans during the region of the Pandia Dynasty flourished in Sankarankovil near Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu. They were responsible for building of beautiful stone temple in Dravidan style.

Their fame spread over South India. Many Kings in Kerala especially in the erstwhile Travancore State. Few of these Craftsman who belong to the Viswakarma community were invited to built Dravidan stone temple in Kerala. Few of them were involved in the building of ‘PADMANABHA’ temple in Thiruvananthapuram. The Production of Aranmula metal mirror which was commenced during the reign Sree Anizham thirunal Marthanda Varma, the king of erstwhile state of Travancore from 1729 – 58 M.E. On the behest of the king of Pandalam few of these craftsmen were brought in the Parathasarathy temple in Aranmula. This group consisted of artisans specializing in various crafts. There were Goldsmith, Stone smith and bronze smith. The Tamil Viswakarma are basically Viswabrahmins and consider themselves a step higher than the rest of the Viswakarma. They built their own temples and usually worship the mother Goddess ‘Parvathy’. In fact they even built their own temples dedicated to their goddess Mutharamma. ‘Mutharamma’ kovil or more popularly known as ‘Ammankovil’ were built in areas where was concentration of Tamil Viswakarm.

Aranmulai Kannadi

This metal resembles the glass mirror in every respect and any object placed against it, is reflected with complete clarity without any reflection in as much as the image falls just on top of the surface of the metal mirror where the image falls on the mercury coated surface inside the glass.



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